Seismotectonic Stress Regime and Airborne-Gravity Lineament Investigation of the Caribbean region and its Kinematic implications

  • Ayodeji AdekunleEluyemi Division of Environment and Earth Science., Centre For Energy Research and Development (CERD), Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU), Ile-Ife, Nigeria
Keywords: Caribbean region, Stress tensor inversion, Airborne gravity geophysical investigation


The tectonic stress regime of the Caribbean region has been studied by stress tensor inversion analysis for the area bounded by Latitudes 17.32o to 23.79o N and Longitudes 81.47o to -60.56o E. A total of two hundred and twenty (220) fault plane solutions (FPS), made up of the seismic (earthquake) events that have occurred in the region of the study were found on the data catalog of the project website of the global centroid moment tensor, were employed in this study. To characterize the stress regimes of the region of study, the classification of the region based on the global moment tensor project is as follows: Cuba-zone, Haiti-zone, Dominican-republic, Monapassage, Puerto Rico, Virgin-Island and the Leeward Island. The gravity geophysical method revealed the presence of multiple or swarms of fractured lines within the same geographical range of study which might have developed over the years as a result of the interaction and coupling effect of the plate boundaries that have close proximity to the region of study. The seismicity pattern indicates that none of the provinces or countries located within the Caribbean region is devoid of large-magnitude earthquake occurrences capable of wreaking severe havoc on the immediate environment. Obviously, our stress tensor inversion result indicates two types of stress regimes namely compression and the strike-slip with different orientations. Cuba-zone, Haiti-zone, Dominican Republic, Monapassage, and Leeward Island are governed mainly by compression stress regimes. In contrast, the strike-slip stress regimes mainly govern the Puerto Rico and the Virgin Island.


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